The most endangered whales on the planet are born within 15 miles of the Georgia coast every winter between December through March.
THE RIGHT WHALE TO HUNT
Heavily hunted for more than 900 years, right whales have yet to recover from the pressures of historic whaling. Before the era of whaling, right whale populations were estimated to be over 100,000. By 1935, as whaling became illegal, it's believed that less than one hundred individuals survived.
RIGHT WHALE CONSERVATION
Right whales gained federal protection in 1973 with the Endangered Species Act and the Marine Mammal Protection Act.
In the winter of 1981-82, Charles Cowan, Hans Neauhauser, and Cathy Sakas discovered a beached N. Atlantic right whale calf on a Little St. Simons beach off Coastal Georgia.
In 1984, Scott Kraus, leading North Atlantic right whale researcher from the New England Aquarium, and Delta Airlines pilot First Officer David Mattingly organized aerial surveillance research which documented mothers and newborn calves along the Georgia coast. This would become a pivotal publication named the “Delta Surveys”.
In 1985, following the discovery of this calving ground and critical habitat, just 15 miles off the coast of Georgia and northern Florida, Hans Neauhauser lead the successful campaign to Georgia State Assembly to designate the right whale as Georgia’s state marine mammal.
Human behavior over the next few decades would determine the destiny of this species.
LINES AND STRIKES
Dubbed the ‘urban whale,’ right whales breed, feed, and migrate within 50 miles of the eastern seaboard, in the most urbanized ocean on the planet. Right whales are subject to human-related mortality due to commercial fishing and shipping.
Since June 2017, there have been 20 right whale deaths, and most of them were caused by entanglement in fishing gear, or ship strikes.
On July 5th 2017 Joe Howlett lost his life disentangling a N. Atlantic right whale. He was a lobster fisherman who helped start the rescue team in 2002. His expertise working with fishing equipment and ropes made him adept at helping cut entangled marine mammals free. He worked tirelessly for fifteen years to save our Urban Whale.
There are now less than approximately 400 right whales in the current population, with as few as 100 reproductive females. There has been a 99.99 percent decline in the right whale population since 2010. Research suggests that within 23 years, we will lose all the reproductive age female N. Atlantic right whales, and begin the end of a species.
On Sunday November 24th 2019 the first North Atlantic right whale was spotted off the coast of Florida for the 2019/20 calving season. Her name is Harmonia and she last gave birth in 2015. Harmonia is a reminder of hope of the will for survival.
NORTH ATLANTIC RIGHT WHALE RESOURCES